This project will conduct gender-responsive survey’s and hold focus-group consultation sessions to obtain realistic sex-disaggregated data on the needs of female and male famers, on farming and other income-generating activities, and on household duties in order to effectively design project activities and to assign appropriate roles to women. The gender strategy involves: two female PIs, two female social scientists from ANADER, one from Sporometrics, and three from CNRA, a social PhD anthropologist from the University of Toronto, one female PhD molecular biologist from CNRA and the University of Toronto, and one female PhD molecular biologist and social scientists and two female molecular plan pathologists from UNA. These individuals will strengthen the identification of approaches for empowering women’s roles within the coconut production chain, as well as in project implementation and dissemination. Two male socio-economists from UNA and CNRA will contribute to developing cross-talk interventions allowing female and male partners to work together in effective communication and in delivery of project outcomes. Female and male-led pilot farms will be selected for field-test resistance ‘adaptive trials.’ Female farmers will teach in field schools assisted by female local translators for disease awareness and dissemination of project outcomes. Female farmers, scientists and students will be leaders of plant clinics to encourage women for agricultural studies. UNA workshops will train community members on gender and environmental issues. Women’s Coconut Fairs will be organized to allow female farmers to sell their coconut-derived products, access farming assistance, and acquire intercropping studies. Project members will dialogue with Ivorian Women’s Organizations (Attieke, VIWO, Village’s Women) to create a coconut association for women laborers, and to access entrepreneurial advice needed to start their coconut-based businesses. Female and male scientists will receive training and technology transfer on CILY control. Female scientists will lead training courses in Canada and in UNA for Ivorian female and male scientists, graduate students, and academics from UNA, SSNRA, and ANADER. A gender-responsive survey will be carried out for trainees to assess gender persepctives on biotechnology and scientific research in Côte d’Ivoire. ‘Gender Responsive Research’ Workshops will be held in Canada (Sporometrics) for male and female scientists and University students engaged in scientific research projects involving Canada and developing countries. Project dissemination will include female-led publicity and reports sent out through newspapers, radio, peer-reviewed publications, and the COWALY website. The Final Project Meeting will gather both female and male project partners to discuss project results and post-project evaluation.